Liver Tumor

What is Liver Tumor?

The liver continuously filters blood that circulates through the body, converting nutrients and drugs absorbed from the digestive tract into ready to use chemicals. The liver performs of removing toxins and other chemical waste products from the blood and readying them for excretion. Tumors are abnormal masses of tissue that form when cells begin to reproduce at an increased rate. The liver can grow both non-cancerous (benign) and cancerous (malignant) tumors.non cancerous liver tumor have two types they are hepatocellular adenoma and hemangioma. Hepatocellular is the tumor is linked to the use of certain drugs. Most of these tumors remain undetected. Sometimes adenoma will rupture and bleed into the abdominal cavity, requiring surgery. Hemangioma is the tumor which a mass of abnormal blood vessels. Sometimes, infant with large liver hemangiomas require surgery to prevent clotting and heart failure.

What is Risk factor of liver tumor?

There are several risk factor of liver Tumor:

    • Chronic infection with HBV or HCV

It will increase the risk of liver tumor if the people have chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) increase risk of liver tumor.

    • Cirrhosis

This progressive and irreversible condition causes scar tissue to form in the liver and increases the chances of developing liver tumor.

    • Certain inherited liver disease

Liver diseases can increase the risk of liver tumor.

    • Diabetes

People with this blood sugar disorder have a greater risk of liver tumor than do people who don’t have diabetes.

    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

An accumulation of fat in the liver increases the risk of liver tumor.

    • Exposure to aflatoxins

Aflatoxins are poisons produce by molds that grow on crops that are stored poorly. Other than that, crops such as corn and peanuts can become contaminated with aflatoxins which can end up in foods made of these products.

    • Excessive alcohol consumption

Over taking the alcohol in a daily can lead to irreversible liver damage and increase risk of liver tumor.

    • Obesity

Having an unhealthy body mass index increase the risk of liver tumor.


How is liver tumor diagnosed?

To complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedure for a liver hepatoma may include the following:

    • Liver function tests

Liver function test is a series of special blood tests that can determine if the liver is functioning properly.

    • Abnormal ultrasound (Also called sonography)

Abnorminal ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique which uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs.

    • Computed tomography scan

CT scan is a diagnostic imaging procedure using a combination of x-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images both horizontally and vertically.

    • Hepatic arteriography

X-ray taken after a substance in injected into the hepatic artery.

    • Liver biopsy.

Liver biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples from the liver are removed from the body for examination under a microscope.


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